VietNamNet Bridge – According to the latest survey of the Ministry of Labor, War Invalids and Social Affairs (MoLISA), Vietnam has nearly 2.6 million of poor households, over 1.5 million others that approach the poverty threshold.
The survey was carried out in 63 provinces and cities of Vietnam, divided in eight regions: northwestern and northeastern regions, the Red River Delta, the IV region, coastal central region, Central Highlands, southeastern region and the Mekong Delta.
The northwestern region has the highest rate of poor families, with over 33 percent, followed by the northeastern region with over 21 percent, the Central Highlands with nearly 19 percent, the IV region with over 18 percent, the coastal central region with over 14 percent, the Mekong Delta with over 11 percent, the Red River Delta with 6.5 percent and the southeastern region with nearly 2 percent.
There are eight provinces and cities which have the rates of poor households less than 5 percent: HCM City (0.006 percent), Binh Duong (0.01 percent), Dong Nai (1.24 percent), Ba Ria-Vung Tau (2.95 percent), Danang (2.98 percent), Hanoi (3.14 percent), Tay Ninh (4.27 percent) and Quang Ninh (4.89 percent).
Some northern mountainous provinces have the highest rates of poverty: Dien Bien (over 45 percent), Lai Chau (nearly 39 percent), Ha Giang (over 35 percent) and Lao Cai (over 35 percent).
The IV region has the highest rate of households that approach the poverty threshold, followed by the northwestern region. The lower rate is in the southeastern region.
The survey is the basis for implementing social welfare and other social policies in 2012.
The rate of poor households in Vietnam reduced from 22 percent in 2005 to 9.45 percent in 2010.
According to new standards applied for the 2011-2015 period: households that earn less than VND400,000 ($20) per person/month in the rural and VND500,000 ($25) in the urban areas are considered as poor. They are considered to approach the poverty threshold if earning from VND401,000 to VND520,000/person/month in the rural and from VND501,000 to VND650,000/person/month in the urban areas.
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